Ancient Near East and Cuneiform Studies


section of Code of Hammurabi

Section from the Code of Hammurabi from Introduction to the Semitic Languages / by Gotthelf Bergstrasser

In the catalog, all materials about any dialect of Akkadian (e.g. Assyrian and Babylonian) are listed under AKKADIAN LANGUAGE. Works that are written in Akkadian can be found under AKKADIAN LANGUAGE--TEXTS.

Related items, that is, material about the people or culture of those who spoke Akkadian, are under "ASSYRO-BABYLONIAN [topic]," (for example ASSYRO-BABYLONIAN LITERATURE), or "[topic], ASSYRO-BABYLONIAN" (such as ART, ASSYRO-BABYLONIAN). If you don’t find it one way, check the other.

For works about Sumerian, Ugaritic, or Hittite search under: SUMERIAN LANGUAGE, UGARITIC LANGUAGE or HITTITE LANGUAGE. Add "TEXTS" to the end to get materials written in that language.

Related items are under [language topic] (for example HITTITE LITERATURE) or [topic, language] (eg. MYTHOLOGY, HITTITE).

Many works are also under CUNEIFORM INSCRIPTIONS, [language], CUNEIFORM TABLETS--[place] or CUNEIFORM WRITING

'babu' = gate Material in the stacks

Common Library of Congress call numbers

  • PJ 3101-PJ 3971 Assyriology
  • PJ 4001- PJ 4091 Sumerian
  • PJ 4101-PJ 4197 West and North Semitic Languages, including Ugaritic (PJ 4150)
  • BL 1620-BL 1625 Assyro-Babylonian religion
  • P 945 Hittite language
  • Bibliographical sources are in the Z section: Akkadian Manuscripts Z 6605 A4.3 ;Assyriology Z 7055 ; Hittites Z 3008 H6.

'babu' = gateResources in Klau, Cincinnati

The Cincinnati library has two separate reference/study areas for Cuneiform Studies, known as the Cuneiform Studies Rooms, or CSRs. They are located on the third floor in the stacks. Both rooms have basic Akkadian and Sumerian sources. In addition, the north CSR has El-Amarna, Nuzi, and Mari materials and the south CSR includes some Ugaritic and Hittite sources. Students may check out a key to the CSRs at the circulation desk. Since these are reference areas, books may not leave the Cuneiform Studies Rooms. While most reference sources are located in the CSRs, some may also be found in the 1st floor Reference section as well as on Reserve.

Many of the older works are cataloged and shelved according to the old (Freidus) system. Many of them are incorporated into the online catalog. In the Freidus card catalog, some common headings are ASSYRIOLOGY, ASSYRO-BABYLONIAN LANGUAGE, BABYLONIA AND ASSYRIA, AKKADIAN LANGUAGE, SUMERIAN, UGARIT, HITTITE LANGUAGE, HITTITES, and CUNEIFORM.

Common Freidus call numbers: most material will be in the Orientalia, *O (star “oh”) sections.
* OB Semitic Languages
* OBA Semitic Inscriptions
* OBF Comparative Philology
* OCK Babylonia and Assyria - General works
* OCL Babylonia and Assyria - Periodicals
* OCO Akkadian and Sumerian Language
* OCT History
* OCY Religion
* OCZ Hittites
* OD Phoenicia
* ODA Ugaritic
Locations: The *O materials published since 1900 are on the third floor of the open stacks on the shelves nearest the CSRs. The oversized/folio books (indicated by f or ++ on the 2nd line of the call number) are shelved at the end. Greats (indicated by g or ++ or "flat") are located on the 2nd floor. The materials published before 1900 are located in the East Wing and must be paged. (Ask at the circulation desk).


Recommended websites

Ancient Near East

CDLI Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative

CDLI hosts about 500,000 images and/or translations of cuneiform texts. It also includes references to help Near Eastern studies.

Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon

This Lexicon includes every dialect of Aramaic from the 9th century BCE through the 13th century CE.

ETANA - Electronic Tools and Ancient Near East Archives

ETANA is a portal for Ancient Near eastern studies. Its major projects include Abzu (database of open access primary and secondary sources), Core texts (digitized hieroglyphic, cuneiform, and alphabetic texts,) and eTACT (repository of translated  Akkadian texts)