Sarah Bunin Benor, Ph.D.

Vice Provost; Director, Jewish Language Project; Professor of Contemporary Jewish Studies and Linguistics

Contact Information

school/program: Louchheim School for Judaic Studies, Rabbinical School (US)
department: Provost’s Office
academic field: Contemporary Jewish Studies, Jewish Education, Jewish Language and Literature
campus: Los Angeles, National
phone: (213) 765-2187
extension: 4287

Sarah Bunin Benor is Vice Provost and Professor of Contemporary Jewish Studies at Hebrew Union College–Jewish Institute of Religion and Adjunct Professor in the University of Southern California Linguistics Department. She received her B.A. from Columbia University in Comparative Literature in 1997 and her Ph.D. from Stanford University in Linguistics in 2004. She is the author of Becoming Frum: How Newcomers Learn the Language and Culture of Orthodox Judaism (Rutgers University Press, 2012) and Hebrew Infusion: Language and Community at American Jewish Summer Camps (Rutgers University Press, 2020), as well as many articles about Jewish languages, Yiddish, and American Jews. Dr. Benor has received several fellowships and prizes, including the Dorot Fellowship in Israel, the Wexner Graduate Fellowship, the Sami Rohr Choice Award for Jewish Literature, and the National Jewish Book Award in Education and Jewish Identity. She is founding co-editor of the Journal of Jewish Languages and co-editor of Languages in Jewish Communities, Past and Present (De Gruyter Mouton, 2018) and We the Resilient: Wisdom for America from Women Born Before Suffrage (Luminare Press, 2017). She founded and directs the HUC-JIR Jewish Language Project, which runs the Jewish Language Website and the Jewish English Lexicon. She is currently working on a project analyzing the names Jews give their children and their pets.

Authored Academic Books

Benor, Sarah Bunin, Jonathan Krasner, and Sharon Avni. 2020. Hebrew Infusion: Language and Community at American Jewish Summer Camps. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press. 

Winner of National Jewish Book Award in Education and Jewish Identity.

Reviewed/profiled in many venues, including Language in Society, Journal of Jewish Education, Contemporary Jewry, Times of Israel, Tablet, Jewschool, Mosaic.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2012. Becoming Frum: How Newcomers Learn the Language and Culture of Orthodox Judaism. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

Winner of the Sami Rohr Choice Award for Jewish Literature.

Reviewed/profiled in many venues, including Language in Society, Jewish Culture and History, Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, Journal of Jewish Languages, Jewish Review of Books, Jewish Week, Forward, Jewish Press.

Books, Journals, and Journal Issues Edited

Benor, Sarah Bunin, and Ofra Tirosh-Becker. 2013-. Co-editors-in-chief, Journal of Jewish Languages, published twice a year by Brill.

Hary, Benjamin, and Sarah Bunin Benor, eds. 2018. Languages in Jewish Communities, Past and Present. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton.

Benor, Sarah Bunin and Tom Fields-Meyer. 2017. We the Resilient: Wisdom for America from Women Born Before Suffrage. Eugene, Oregon: Luminare Press. (Non-academic)

Doron, Edit, in cooperation with Ofra Tirosh-Becker and Sarah Bunin Benor. 2016. Language Contact and the Development of Modern Hebrew. Leiden: Brill.

Benor, Sarah Bunin, and Tsvi Sadan, eds. 2011. Special issue of Language and Communication: “Jewish Languages in the Age of the Internet.” 31/2.

Benor, Sarah, Mary Rose, Devyani Sharma, Julie Sweetland, and Qing Zhang, eds. 2002. Gendered Practices in Language. Stanford: CSLI Press.

Articles in Peer Reviewed Journals

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2020. “Bivalent Writing: Hebrew and English Alphabets in Jewish English.” Journal of Jewish Languages 8/1-2: 108-157.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2019. “L’anglais juif : une variété contemporaine de langue juive [Jewish English: A contemporary Jewish language variety] (in French).” La linguistique fonctionelle 55, thematic issue on Jewish languages. 278-288.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2016. “On Jewish Languages, Names, and Distinctiveness.” Jewish Quarterly Review 106/4 (forum on the 50th anniversary of Gerson Cohen’s “The Blessing of Assimilation in Jewish History”). 440-449.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2016. “Black and Jewish: Language and Multiple Strategies for Self-Presentation.” American Jewish History 100/1. 51-71.

Benor, Sarah Bunin and Ofra Tirosh-Becker. 2013. “A New Venue for Research on Jewish Languages.” Journal of Jewish Languages 1/1. 3-7.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2012. “Response to Steven M. Cohen’s Marshall Sklare lecture, AJS 2010.” Contemporary Jewry 32/1. 99-102.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2011. “Mensch, Bentsh, and Balagan: Variation in the American Jewish Linguistic Repertoire.” Language and Communication 31/2. 141-154.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2011. “Jewish Languages in the Age of the Internet: An Introduction.” Language and Communication 31/2. 95-98.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2010. “Ethnolinguistic Repertoire: Shifting the Analytic Focus in Language and Ethnicity.” Journal of Sociolinguistics 14/2. 159-183.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2009. “Do American Jews Speak a ‘Jewish Language’? A Model of Jewish Linguistic Distinctiveness.” Jewish Quarterly Review 99/2. 230-269.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2008. “Towards a New Understanding of Jewish Language in the 21st Century.” Religion Compass 2/6. 1062-1080.

Benor, Sarah Bunin and Roger Levy. 2006. “The Chicken or the Egg? A Probabilistic Analysis of English Binomials.” Language 82/2, June 2006. 233-278.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2004. “Talmid Chachams and Tsedeykeses: Language, Learnedness, and Masculinity Among Orthodox Jews.” Jewish Social Studies 11/1. 147-170.

Other Academic Articles

Benor, Sarah Bunin. Under review. “Hebrew and Jewish Diaspora Languages.” In The Routledge Handbook of Judaism in the Twenty-First Century. Dean Bell and Karen Fraiman, eds. New York: Routledge.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. Forthcoming. “From Oy to Hineni: Language and Transition in Transparent.” In Jewishness in Transparent. Nora Rubel and Brett Krutzsch, eds. Rutgers University Press, expected publication 2022.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2022. “Pastrami, Verklempt, and Tshootspa: Non-Jews’ Use of Jewish Language in the US.” American Jewish Year Book 2020. Arnold Dashefsky and Ira M. Sheskin, eds. Cham, Switzerland: Springer. 3-69.

Benor, Sarah Bunin and Netta Avineri. 2022. “Hebrew and Yiddish in Greater Los Angeles: Bilingualism, Metalinguistic Communities, and Ethnolinguistic Infusion.” In Multilingual La La Land: Language Use in Sixteen Greater Los Angeles Communities. Claire Hitchens Chik, ed. New York: Routledge. 129-150.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2021. “Written Jewish English.” In Jewish Languages: Text Specimens, Grammatical, Lexical, and Cultural Sketches, ed. Lutz Edzard and Ofra Tirosh-Becker. In Porta Linguarum Orientalium series. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz. 368-391.

Avineri, Netta, Sarah Bunin Benor, and Nicki Greninger. 2021. “Contested Hebrew: Ethnolinguistic Infusion and Metalinguistic Communities in U.S. Jewish Complementary Schools.” In Reconceptualizing Language Affiliation, Use, and Proficiency Across Communities. Netta Avineri and Jesse Harasta, eds. London: Palgrave Macmillan. 27-50.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2021. “Jewish Englishes in the United States and Beyond: An Ethnolinguistic Repertoire Approach.” In World Englishes: Paradigms, Ideologies, Pedagogies. Mario Saraceni, ed. London: Bloomsbury Press. Part 3, Chapter 11.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2019. “Ethnolinguistic Infusion at Sephardic Adventure Camp.” In The Routledge Companion to the Work of John Rickford, edited by Renée Blake and Isabelle Buchstaller. New York: Routledge. 142-152.

Benor, Sarah Bunin and Netta Avineri. 2019. “Beyond Language Proficiency: Fostering Metalinguistic Communities in Jewish Educational Settings.” In Beyond Jewish Identity: Rethinking Concepts and Imagining Alternatives. Jon Levisohn and Ari Y. Kelman, eds. New York: Academic Studies Press. 167-192.

Benor, Sarah Bunin and Benjamin Hary. 2018. “A Research Agenda for Comparative Jewish Linguistic Studies.” In Languages in Jewish Communities, Past and Present, ed. Benjamin Hary and Sarah Bunin Benor, Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. 672-694.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2018. “Jewish English in the United States.” In Languages in Jewish Communities, Past and Present, ed. Benjamin Hary and Sarah Bunin Benor, Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. 414-430.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2018. “Hebrew Infusion in American Jewish Life: Tensions and the Role of Israeli Hebrew.” In What We Talk About When We Talk About Hebrew (And Why It Matters to Americans). Naomi Sokoloff and Nancy Berg, eds. Seattle: University of Washington Press. 124-138.

Benor, Sarah Bunin and Bernard Spolsky. 2018. “The Sociolinguistic Ecology of Jewish Communities: The Changing State of Jewish Language Varieties.” In The Changing World Language Map, Stanley D. Brunn, ed. New York: Springer. 1-10.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2016. “Jews of Color: Performing Black Jewishness through the Creative Use of Two Ethnolinguistic Repertoires.” In Raciolinguistics: How Language Shapes Our Ideas About Race. H. Samy Alim, John R. Rickford, and Arnetha F. Ball, eds. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 171-184.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2016. “Jewish English.” In Handbook of Jewish Languages. Lily Kahn and Aaron Rubin, eds. Leiden: Brill. 130-137.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2015. “How Synagogues Became Shuls: The Boomerang Effect in Yiddish-Influenced English, 1895-2010.” In Germanic Heritage Languages in North America. Janne Bondi Johannessen and Joseph Salmons, eds. Series: Studies in Language Variation. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 217-233.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2014. “Rhetoric About the Diverse Jewish Community.” American Jewish Year Book 2014. Ed., Arnold Dashefsky and Ira Sheskin. New York: Springer. 23-26.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2013. “From Sabbath to Shabbat: Changing Language of Reform Sisterhood Leaders, 1913-2012.” In Sisterhood: A Centennial History of Women of Reform Judaism, ed. Carole B. Balin, Dana Herman, Jonathan D. Sarna, and Gary P. Zola. Cincinnati: American Jewish Archives. 314-337.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2013. “Hebrew Component in Jewish English.” In Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics, ed. Geoffrey Khan. Leiden: Brill. Vol. 2, 384-385.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2012. “Echoes of Yiddish in the Speech of Twenty-First-Century American Jews.” In Choosing Yiddish: Studies on Yiddish Literature, Culture, and History, ed. Lara Rabinovitch, Shiri Goren, and Hannah Pressman. Detroit: Wayne State Press. 319-337.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2012. “Jewish Languages.” In Oxford Bibliographies in Jewish Studies, ed. David Biale. New York: Oxford University Press.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2011. “Hummus, Challah, and Gefilte Fish: Israel in Diaspora Jewish Culture.” Response to section on “Jewries Meet: Negotiating US – Israel Relations” in Dynamic Belonging: Contemporary Jewish Collective Identities, ed. Harvey Goldberg, Steven M. Cohen, and Ezra Kopelowitz. Oxford: Berghahn Books. 219-222.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2011. “Young Jewish Leaders in Los Angeles: Strengthening the Jewish People in Conventional and Unconventional Ways.” In The New Jewish Leaders: Reshaping the American Jewish Landscape, ed., Jack Wertheimer. Hanover, NH: Brandeis University Press. 112-158.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2011. “Hameyvin Yavin: Language and Super Jews.” Association for Jewish Studies Perspectives. Fall 2011. 36-37.

Benor, Sarah Bunin and Steven M. Cohen. 2011. “Talking Jewish: The ‘Ethnic English’ of American Jews.” In Ethnicity and Beyond: Theories and Dilemmas of Jewish Group Demarcation. Studies in Contemporary Jewry, vol. 25. Eli Lederhendler, ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 62-78.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2009. “Lexical Othering in Judezmo: How Ottoman Sephardim Refer to Non-Jews.” In Languages and Literatures of Sephardic and Oriental Jews: Proceedings of the Sixth International Congress. David M. Bunis, ed. Jerusalem: The Bialik Institute and Misgav Yerushalayim. 65-85.

Spolsky, Bernard and Sarah Bunin Benor. 2006. “Jewish Languages.” In Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. Keith Brown, ed. 2nd edition. Vol. 6. Oxford: Elsevier. 120-124.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2004. Second Style Acquisition: The Linguistic Socialization of Newly Orthodox Jews. Unpublished PhD Dissertation, Stanford University. (Committee: Penelope Eckert (chair), Eve Clark, Arnold Eisen, John Rickford.)

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2001. “The Learned /t/: Phonological Variation in Orthodox Jewish English.” Penn Working Papers in Linguistics: Selected Papers from NWAV 29. Tara Sanchez and Daniel Ezra Johnson, eds. Philadelphia: Univ. of Penn. Linguistics. 1-16.

Benor, Sarah. 2000. “Loan Words in the English of Modern Orthodox Jews: Yiddish or Hebrew?” Proceedings of the Berkeley Linguistic Society’s 25th Annual Meeting, 1999. Steve S. Chang, Lily Liaw, and Josef Ruppenhofer, eds. Berkeley: Berkeley Linguistic Society. 287-298.

Benor, Sarah. 1998. “Yavnish: A Linguistic Analysis of Columbia’s Orthodox Jewish Community.” ’Iggrot ha’Ari: Columbia University Student Journal of Jewish Scholarship 1/2. 8-50.

Benor, Sarah. 1997. “A Wedding in the Jewish Autonomous Region: Itsik Fefer’s Yiddish Poem A Khasene in Birobidzhan.” ’Iggrot ha’Ari 1/1. 36-49.

Applied Research Reports and Articles

Benor, Sarah Bunin, Netta Avineri, and Nicki Greninger. 2020. “Let’s Stop Calling It ‘Hebrew School’: Rationales, Goals, and Practices of Hebrew Education in Part-Time Jewish Schools.” Washington, DC: Consortium for Applied Studies in Jewish Education.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2020. “The Scripps Spelling Bee is Off This Year, But the Controversy Over Including Foreign Words is Still On.” The Conversation, 5/21/20.

Benor, Sarah Bunin and Steven M. Cohen. 2017. “From Academic Scholarship to Popular Op-Ed.” eJewishPhilanthropy, 1/31/17.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2016. “American Jews Speak a ‘Jewish Language.’” In More Than Managing (volume in honor of Leslie Wexner), edited by Lawrence A. Hoffman. Woodstock, VT: Jewish Lights. 179-182.

Benor, Sarah Bunin, Jonathan Krasner, and Sharon Avni. 2016. “Survey of Hebrew at North American Jewish Summer Camps.” Waltham, MA: Brandeis University Mandel Center for Studies in Jewish Education.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2016. “Hebrew Infusion at American Jewish Summer Camps.” Consortium for Applied Studies in Jewish Education.

Benor, Sarah Bunin, and Jonathan Krasner. 2015. “Meltzing, Marps, and Shabboptions: Hebrew at North American Jewish Summer Camps.” Wexner Foundation Blog, 8/10/15.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2014. “Engaging the Public Through Jewish Languages.” Learning About Learning: Brandeis Mandel Center Blog, 9/18/14.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2014. “Foster Relationships, Build Bridges.” Contact: The Journal of the Steinhardt Foundation for Jewish Life 16/1. p. 5.

Dean-Olmsted, Evelyn, Sarah Bunin Benor, and Jim Gerstein. 2014. “Connected to Give: Community Circles.” Los Angeles: Jumpstart.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2013. “Multiplex Networks: The Ties That Bind.” Sh’ma: A Journal of Jewish Ideas, November 2013.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2013. “Pew Study Finds a Vibrant Jewish Community.” Jewish Journal, 10/10/13.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2013. “Increasing Diversity Means There Is No Such Thing as a Typical Jew.” Forward, 10/5/13.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2011. “‘Mainstream’ vs. ‘Innovative’ Jewish Organizations: How Different Are They? A Study of Young Jewish Leaders in Los Angeles.” Journal of Jewish Communal Service 86/1-2. 65-71.

Benor, Sarah Bunin and Bruce A. Phillips. 2009. “Pedagogy and Impact: The SJCS Master’s Thesis.” Journal of Jewish Communal Service 84/3-4, special issue on “The HUC-JIR School of Jewish Communal Service: Celebrating the Past, Shaping the Future.” 228-231.

Articles for Non-Academic Audiences

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2021. “Pastrami, Verklempt, and Tshoot-spa: Non-Jews’ Use of Jewish Language in the United States.” eJewishPhilanthropy, October 14, 2021.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2021. “Creating My Own Ritual.” Tablet, August 23. 2021.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2021. “The Communities that Live Captioning Leaves Behind.” Slate, April 14, 2021.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2021. “A COVID Silver Lining: Shul Hopping Has Never Been So Easy.” Scriptions: Jewish Thoughts and Responses to COVID-19, March 2021.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2021. “We’re Running Out of Time to Preserve Endangered Jewish Languages. Here’s How We Can Stop Them from Being Lost Forever.” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, February 8, 2021. Picked up in many venues, including Forward and Times of Israel.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2020. “Let’s Stop Calling it ‘Hebrew School’: New Study Debunks Myths about Part-time Jewish Education.” eJewishPhilanthropy, July 29, 2020.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2020. “Hebrew Infusion and the Camp Experience for Parents.” eJewishPhilanthropy, July 20, 2020.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2020. “Camp is Not Cancelled; It Has Moved Online: Jewish Summer Camps Should Announce Online Programming Now, and Funders Should Help.” eJewishPhilanthropy, May 8, 2020.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2020. “How to Host a Socially Distanced, International Passover Seder.” Forward.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2020. “Passover Around the World: A Haggadah Supplement from the Jewish Language Project.” Jewish Language Website

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2020. “Born Before Suffrage, These Women are Still Waiting to Elect a Female President.” I Waited 96 Years.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2020. “How Many Speakers Are There? Ethnologue Statistics on Jewish Language Vitality.” Jewish Language Website.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2019. “Students’ Open Letters to Disney.” Society for Linguistic Anthropology Blog.

Benor, Sarah Bunin and Tom Fields-Meyer. 2017. “Life Has Improved for Women, Ninety-Somethings Remind Us.” Grok Nation (Mayim Bialik’s blog).

Fields-Meyer, Tom, and Sarah Bunin Benor. 2017. “These Women Who Have Seen It All Just Might Have the Best Advice for Surviving Trump.” Huffington Post.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2017. “‘We The Resilient’ Offers Glimpse At Unseen Women’s History.” Forward.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2016. “Hebrew Infusion in My American Life Connects Me to Jews Around the World.” University of Washington Stroum Center Blog.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2016. “Mikvah Imagery in ‘Transparent’: A Symbol of Transitions and Femininity.” Lilith.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2016. “Ted Cruz’s Linguistic Chutzpah.” The Conversation, February 12, 2016. Picked up by Houston Chronicle (

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2015. “Wet, Hot, Hebrew-Infused American Summer.” Learning About Learning: Brandeis Mandel Center Blog, 10/21/15.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2015. “Delicious Linguistics: Review of Dan Jurafsky’s The Language of Food.” Jewish Journal.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2014. “Introduction to How I Understand Judaism.” The Introduction to Judaism Course: Three Perspectives. Association for Jewish Studies.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2013. “A Linguist’s Take on the Knaidel/Kneydl Controversy.” Jewish Journal.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2012. “Shtus Jews Say: Jewish Memes, Jewish Identities.” Zeek: A Jewish Journal of Thought and Culture.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2012. “Lingo of the Sarah Silverman Controversy.” Forward, 10/26/12.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2012. “Of Midos and Mensches: Language and the Diverse American Jewish Community.” HUC Chronicle, Fall 2012. p. 13.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2012. “Matisyahu’s Beard and the ‘Bungee Effect’,” “Reflections on the New York Jewish Population Study,” “Frumspeak,” “Non-Orthodox Jews should get to know Haredim, not undermine their way of life,” “My Fair Lady – in (Postvernacular) Yiddish.”  Becoming Frum blog.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2011. “Fostering International Jewish Connections Through Travel.” eJewishPhilanthropy, September 2011.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2010. “The Sounds of Becoming Frum.” Sh’ma: A Journal of Jewish Responsibility, November 2010.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2010. “Establishment and Non-establishment Spheres Serve Diverse Jews.” Jewish Journal.

Benor, Sarah Bunin and Steven M. Cohen. 2009. “Survey of American Jewish Language and Identity.” Hebrew Union College – Jewish Institute of Religion (summary of survey results for general audience)

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2009. “You say SUK-kiss, I say soo-COAT: Language and Identity among American Jews.” Torah at the Center (Union for Reform Judaism). 13/1. 28.

Benor, Sarah. 2008. “An Old-School Birthday: Pairing Kids and Seniors Can Yield a Great Party.” L.A. Parent Magazine, October 2008. 26.

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2002. “Introduction” and “Jewish English.” Jewish Language Research Website. (

Benor, Sarah Bunin. 2000. “Everyone’s Using Yiddish But Joe Lieberman.” Generation J (Jewish culture website –, October 2000. Republished here:

Benor, Sarah. 1998. “Yidishe Lingvistik,” (‘Jewish Linguistics’). Forverts, 9/98

Jewish Languages Today: Endangered, Surviving, and Thriving

Do American Jews Speak a Jewish Language?

Jewish Surnames and Name Changing Around the World: Diversity and Unity

Jewish Personal Names Around the World: Tradition and Creativity

Beyond Bagels and Burekas: American Jewish Language and Identity

Pastrami, Verklempt, and Tshoot-spa: Non-Jews’ Use of Jewish Language in the United States

Becoming Frum: How Newcomers Learn the Language and Culture of Orthodox Judaism

Chutzpah to Chidush: A Century of Yiddish-Influenced English in America

Ruach in the Chadar Ochel: Language and Community at American Jewish Summer Camps

Jewish Language in the 21st Century (USC)
Judaism (USC)

Jewish Names and Naming

Jewish Social Research: Trends and Analysis
Structure and Evolution of the American Jewish Community

Applied Jewish Wisdom

Introduction to Yiddish Language and Culture

American Jewish Language and Identity

Language, Race, and Identity in the United States Today (USC)

Identity, Community, Service: Jews and Other Americans (USC)

Stanford University: Ph.D.: Linguistics, 2004; M.A.: Linguistics

Columbia College of Columbia University, New York City: B.A., Magna Cum Laude, Phi Beta Kappa: Comparative Literature, Linguistics, 1997