Mishnah

Illuminated letter 'mem'Mishnah

This collection of early Rabbinic legal code was compiled by Judah ha-Nasi in the 2nd century. It is divided into 6 parts called orders. Each order (or seder) is subdivided into sections called tractates (or masechet).

The orders are:

  • Zera'im (seeds) - laws of agriculture
  • Mo'ed (set times) - laws of holidays and Sabbath
  • Nashim (women) - laws of marriage, divorce, and vows
  • Nezikin (damages) - civil and criminal law
  • Kodashim (Holy things) - ritual sacrifice and offerings
  • Tahorot (purities) - laws of ceremonial purity

Finding Mishnah on the shelf

Complete sets of the Mishnah are generally shelved in BM 497. They are shelved in this order: original language (BM 497), selections (BM 497.2), translations (BM 497.5), early works about the Mishnah (BM 497.7), then later works (BM 497.8). Individual orders and tractates of the Mishnah are shelved with individual orders and tractates of the Talmud under BM 506 (see below). Note: many of these works are shelved in the oversized (folio) section.

Finding Mishnah in the catalog

To find texts of the Mishnah do a title browse search for: mishnah <part (order or tractate)> <language>
for example:

  • mishnah avot english
  • mishnah berakhot german
  • mishnah zera'im

To find books written about the Mishnah, do a subject browse search under: mishnah <part>
for example:

  • mishnah avot vi
  • mishna bezah

 

Recommended websites

Mishnah

Bar Ilan Responsa Project

Includes the Hebrew texts of the Tanakh, Talmuds, early commentaries, codes, and many responsa. Searching is allowed from anywhere, more features are available (saving, printing, etc.) from the HUC campus or through the Jewish Studies Portal.

Mishnah at Snunit

Includes the Hebrew text of the Mishnah

Sayings of the Jewish Fathers (Pirqe Aboth)

English translation by Charles Taylor.

Sefaria

"We are building a free living library of Jewish texts and their interconnections, in Hebrew and in translation. Our scope is Torah in the broadest sense, from Tanakh to Talmud to Zohar to modern texts and all the volumes of commentary in between. Sefaria is created, edited, and annotated by an open community." Translations are available as people submit them and the site offers tools for creating study sheets.