On Wednesday, December 2, Mr. Ensar Demirkan, one of the foremost experts in Qur’an recitation, taught a class in Dr. Reuven Firestone’s “Introduction to Islam” bi-coastal course. Students and faculty from the Los Angeles and New York campuses attended the class in the electronic classrooms on their respective campuses. Demirkan demonstrated how Qur’an recitation is used to preserve the oral integrity of the text, and he provided a variety of styles and approaches to the art of Qur’an recitation. As in Judaism, the “ta’amim” were developed in Islam to ensure the proper pronunciation and syntax of oral recitation of the divine word. More so than in Torah trope, however, there has developed a tradition of personal artistic expression and even virtuosity in the recitation of the Qur’an. Students and faculty were privileged to hear some of the most famous Qur’an reciters of the 20th century that have been digitally preserved, and Ensar also demonstrated personally how it is done.