Skip to main content

Aaron D. Panken z"l, Rabbi, Ph.D.

Main Content
Former President and Assistant Professor of Rabbinic and Second Temple Literature

HUC-JIR/New York

Administration Department: 
President's Office
Academic Field: 
Rabbinics and Liturgy
Research Interests: 
Historical Development of Legal Concepts and Terms; Narrative Development; Development of Holidays and Observances

Request CV

Rabbi Aaron D. Panken, Ph.D., President of Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute (HUC-JIR), died tragically in a plane crash on May 5, 2018, at the age of 53. He served as the 12th President in HUC-JIR’s 143-year history.

Dr. Panken led the four-campus international institution of higher learning and seminary for Reform Judaism. HUC-JIR’s campuses in Cincinnati, Jerusalem, Los Angeles and New York provide the academic and professional training programs for the Reform Movement’s rabbis, cantors, educators, and nonprofit management professionals, and offer graduate programs for scholars of all faiths. HUC-JIR’s 4,000 active alumni serve the Reform Movement’s 1.5 million members and nearly 900 congregations, representing the largest Jewish denomination in North America, and the growing Progressive Movement in Israel and around the world.

Rabbi Panken was a distinguished rabbi and scholar, dedicated teacher, and exemplary leader of the Reform Movement for nearly three decades. As a product of the Reform Movement’s camps, youth movement, and seminary, his passionate commitment to Reform Judaism, to the State of Israel, and to the Jewish people worldwide inspired his efforts to ensure HUC-JIR’s academic excellence in fulfilling its sacred mission. As HUC-JIR President, Rabbi Panken implemented his transformative vision by forging strategic planning initiatives: embedding new technology in support of student learning and administration, strengthening recruitment to yield the largest incoming classes in a decade, launching new Jewish education, nonprofit management, and entrepreneurship programs and academic partnerships, and invigorating the ties linking HUC-JIR’s four campuses in Cincinnati, Jerusalem, Los Angeles, and New York and their larger communities and regions. He was a staunch advocate for religious pluralism in Israel and was proud to have ordained the 100th Israeli Reform rabbi graduating from HUC-JIR’s Israeli Rabbinical Program on November 16, 2017. It was his vision to renovate and transform the Jerusalem campus into a dynamic educational and cultural center for the larger public. He exponentially increased the number of Israelis studying for the rabbinate, as educators pastoral caregivers, and interfaith teachers for tolerance on the Jerusalem campus. 

Rabbi Panken was elected HUC-JIR President by the Board of Governors on July 31, 2013. His appointment was effective on January 1, 2014 and he was installed on June 8, 2014 in Cincinnati. Ordained by HUC-JIR in New York in 1991, Rabbi Panken previously served as Vice President for Strategic Initiatives (2007-2010), Dean of the New York Campus (1998-2007), and Dean of Students (1996-1998). He joined the HUC-JIR faculty in 1995, and taught Rabbinic and Second Temple Literature, with research interests in the historical development of legal concepts and terms; narrative development; and development of holiday observances. His publications included The Rhetoric of Innovation (University Press of America, 2005), which explored legal change in Rabbinic texts, the newly published, co-edited Engaging Torah: Modern Perspectives on the Hebrew Bible, and articles in leading academic journals and scholarly volumes.

Rabbi Panken strove for ongoing innovation and creativity in strengthening HUC-JIR as the intellectual center of Progressive Judaism worldwide, with its renowned faculty of scholars and thought leaders and internationall y recognized library, archive, and museum research resources. Rabbi Panken stated, “Our mission is to help our students grow into authentic Jewish thought leaders, able to articulate and advance their own visions of a rich Jewish life for a new and rapidly changing religious landscape. We are shaping a compelling message that will have an impact on the largest denomination of Jews in North America and the growing Progressive Jewish community in Israel and worldwide.”

An ardent supporter of Reform Judaism in Israel, Rabbi Panken said, “As the only North American seminary with a full campus and programs in Israel, we are uniquely positioned to influence both Israeli and North American society, and to ensure that the relationship between these two great centers of Jewish life continues and thrives. We will work hard to improve the understanding and integration of Reform Jews worldwide with our Jewish State and with all our global partners.”

An alumnus of the Wexner Graduate Fellowship, Dr. Panken earned his doctorate in Hebrew and Judaic Studies at New York University. He was on the faculty for the Wexner Foundation and the Editorial Board of Reform Judaism Magazine, and served on the Rabbinical Placement Commission, the Birthright Education Committee, the CCAR Ethics Committee, and in a variety of other leadership roles within the Reform Movement and the greater Jewish community. He lectured widely at academic conferences and synagogues throughout North America and as visiting faculty at universities in Australia and China. Prior to teaching at the College-Institute, he served as a congregational rabbi at Congregation Rodeph Sholom in New York City and as a rabbinical intern at Westchester Reform Temple in Scarsdale, NY. A native of New York City who graduated from Johns Hopkins University's Electrical Engineering program, Rabbi Panken was a certificated commercial pilot and sailor. 

At his inauguration convocation, he said, “For me, Reform Judaism has always symbolized what I consider to be the best of Judaism – firmly rooted in our tradition, yet egalitarian, inclusive of patrilineal Jews and intermarried families, welcoming to the LGBT community, politically active, and respectful of other faiths and ideologies.” 

Rabbi Panken most recently presided over the New York Graduation Ceremonies on May 3, where he said, “Our celebration comes, this year, amidst a particularly challenging and painful world, one that in many respects transcends anything I have seen in my lifetime. We now live in a world in which truth is distorted, basic institutions of American life like the press, the courts, the electoral system, the FBI, the beautiful mosaic of immigration that made this country what it is, the dignity and value of public leadership and civil service, egalitarianism and a woman’s right to choose, and so many others, are threatened in ways we simply could not have imagined a mere two years ago. We see countries long civilized reverting to policies of nationalism and tactics of scapegoating reminiscent of our darkest times. We labor under the challenges of privacy and the ability for noxious leaders to spread their message ever more broadly and more efficiently through warped use of social media, cynical and often violent supremacist protests, and through targeting innocent immigrants as vicious criminals. But here’s the thing: the Jewish people, and our religious friends of other faiths, have seen this before, and we have lived through it, and thrived and built again and again and again. We are a people of action and courage, of innovation and fearlessness, of adaptation and endless creativity.”

He added, “The work of our alumni continues to make an enormous difference in our world. When tragedy strikes, in Parkland and Houston, in the Caribbean and Charlottesville, in Los Angeles and Santa Rosa, our alumni are there. For Syrian and Iraqi immigrants, in congressional offices fighting for sensible gun safety, in hospitals and in classrooms, in innovative synagogues and new communities everywhere, our alumni are there. There is nothing in the world that makes me prouder, and nothing can make me more certain of the extraordinary Jewish future we have ahead of us, than knowing who they are and what they are doing, and seeing how they have produced the next generation of committed, learned Jews, through their hard work and their wisdom.”

Rabbi Panken is survived by his wife, Lisa Messinger, his children Eli and Samantha, his parents Beverly and Peter, and his sister, Rabbi Melinda Panken of Congregation Shaari Emeth in Manalapan, NJ.

Funeral services took place on Tuesday, May 8, at 1:00 pm at Westchester Reform Temple. The recording is available here. Eulogies were delivered by Rabbi Lawrence A. Hoffman '69, Ph.D. '73, The Barbara and Stephen Friedman Professor of Worship, Liturgy, and Ritual, HUC-JIR; Rabbi David Stern '89, President, Central Conference of American Rabbis, and Senior Rabbi, Temple Emanu-El, Dallas, TX; and Rabbi Rick Jacobs '82, President, Union for Reform Judaism, as well as Rabbi Panken's father, Peter Panken; his sister, Rabbi Melinda Panken '96, Senior Rabbi, Temple Shaari Emeth, Manalapan, NJ; and his sister-in-law, Rabbi Sarah Messinger '87, Rabbi, Congregation Shireinu, Gladwyne, PA. The family's eulogies are available on the recording.

Even as we mourn the loss of our colleague, teacher, and friend, the vision that Rabbi Aaron Panken brought to Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion remains a source of hope and comfort to those who mourn and the Jewish community. Rabbi Panken’s family requests donations in his memory be made to help fulfill Aaron’s vision for his beloved HUC-JIR at huc.edu/memorial or by mail to Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion, One West Fourth Street, New York, NY 10012.

Selected Publications and Edited Works

The Rhetoric of Innovation: Self-Conscious Legal Change in Rabbinic Literature. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 2005 (in Studies in Judaism Series)

“A Talmudist Manifesto: Why Reform Judaism Needs the Talmud, and Why the Talmud Needs Reform Judaism,” forthcoming in CCAR Journal, Summer 2014.

“The Machzor Before the Machzor: Interpreting the High Holy Days during the Second Temple Period,” CCAR Journal, Summer 2013.

“Yizkor: Prayer for the Dead, Promise for the Living,” forthcoming in Lawrence A. Hoffman, ed., “May God Remember” (Yizkor): Memory and Memorializing in Judaism.

“Sabbath,” forthcoming in Chris Keith et al., eds., Dictionary of Bible and Ancient Media (T&T Clark: Edinburgh).

“Healing Miracles,” “Enemy” and “Evil,” forthcoming in Dale C. Allison, Jr. et al., eds., Encyclopedia of the Bible and its Reception (Walter de Gruyter GmbH: Berlin).

“The Remembrance of Things Past (and Future), Private (and Public),” Lawrence A. Hoffman, ed., Ashamnu and Al Chet, Woodstock, VT: Jewish Lights Publishing, 2012.

“Courting Inversion: Kol Nidre as Legal Drama” in Lawrence A. Hoffman, ed., Kol Nidre, Woodstock, VT: Jewish Lights Publishing, 2011.

“The Eternal and the Ephemeral: The Stark Contrasts of Un’taneh Tokef” in Lawrence A. Hoffman, ed., Who by Fire, Who by Water, Woodstock, VT: Jewish Lights Publishing, 2010.

“HUC-JIR and the Creation of Visionary Jewish Leadership,” CCAR Journal, Winter 2009, 80-90.

“Response to Michael Berger's ‘Religious Purposefulness in Jewish Day Schools,’” HaYediyon, Fall 2008.

“Virginia Tech: One Rabbinical Response,” Jewish Week, April 2007.

“Revealing Rabbinic Revision: Meikara as a Marker for Legal Change in Talmud Bavli,” Jewish Law Association 17, (2007) 225-240.

“Choosing Abraham: Viewed Through the Ages,” Festschrift for Rabbi William Kuhn, November 2007.

“The Few Against the Many, The Few Among the Many: The Evolution of Ideal Types in the Texts of Hanukkah,” Australian Journal of Jewish Studies 19 (2005), 147-161.

“Reforming Reform: An Assessment of the Future of the Reform Movement in America.” Aufbau 70:3, February 2004.

“Hi–Tech for a Higher Authority,” Interfaces 33:3 (2003), 1-11.

“Shall We Counsel Germ Cell Gene Therapy?” with Carole B. Balin, in Eugene B. Borowitz, ed., Reform Jewish Ethics and the Halakhah (New Jersey: Behrman House, 1995).

Current and Future Courses
Talmud 1
Talmud 2
Twelve Tremendous Texts
Parashat HaShavua
The Sabbath: A Seminar
Science and Religion
Reform Judaism and Halakhah
The Jewish Way in Love and Marriage
Advanced Talmud
Advanced Readings in Second Temple Literature
Public Lecture Topics
Doing Tzedakah, Doing Right: The Textual Bases for Jewish Philanthropy
The Future of Reform Jewish Leadership
The Great Jewish Literature No One Knows: The Law and Stories of the Second Temple Period
Of Greek Dinners and Jewish Seders: The Evolution of Passover in Jewish Memory
One Jewish View of The Historical Jesus
Holy War in Judaism and Islam: A Comparative Study
Israel: What’s the Difference?
Jerusalem in Judaism and Islam
Leading Personalities from the Babylonian Talmud
Lights, Burning Quietly Bright: The Unknown History of Hanukkah
Messianism and the Dead Sea Scrolls
Making and Marking Sacred Time: The Evolution of the Jewish Calendar
Medicine and Mitzvot: Jewish Texts on the Health Care Debate
Men and the Masculine: An Exploration of Ancient and Modern Jewish Gender
Myth, Magic and Mysticism: Three Critical Genres in Jewish Thought
Of Good Deeds and Obligations: The Meaning of Mitzvah in Reform Judaism
Parenting Wisdom from the Talmud
Reconceiving Conception: Stem Cell Research and Jewish Ethics
Sects and the City: The Dead Sea Scrolls and Jewish Law
Science and Religion: Two Uneasy Partners
“Seek Peace and Pursue It:” But How? The Jewish Obligation to Make Peace
Shabbat Then and Now: How a Sacred Jewish Day Came to Be
Staying Connected with the Sacred in our Lives: Ancient and Modern Pathways to Spirituality
Talmudic Stories and their Meaning for Modern Jews
The Stranger in Jewish Law and Lore
True Lies: Truth, Gossip and the Jewish-American Way
Trying the Talmud: Introducing Ancient Wisdom to Modern Minds
War and Justice in Jewish Tradition
What Every Reform Jew Needs to Know About Jewish Law
What’s New in Jewish Law: Rabbinic Approaches to Legal Change
What’s a Rabbi to Do? The Changing Role of the Rabbi from Antiquity to Today