Julian Morgenstern Professor of Bible and Near Eastern Literature and Professor of Semitic Languages
Dr. Greengus is the Julian Morgenstern Professor of Bible and Near Eastern Literature and Professor of Semitic Languages at HUC-JIR/Cincinnati. He earned an M.A. in Judaic Studies and a Ph.D. in Assyriology at the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago. He has been teaching in Cincinnati since 1963. He has also served as Dean of the Rabbinical School, (1979-84) Director of the School of Graduate Studies(1985-90), and Vice-President for Academic Affairs(1990-96). His specialties, in addition to Semitic languages, are Bible, Rabbinics and Ancient History.
Born: Chicago, IL March 11, 1936
Married: Lesha (Bellows); Three Daughters, Eight Grandchildren
1952-54 University of Illinois
1950-58 Hebrew Theological College (Chicago, IL)
1955-63 Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
M.A. (Judaic Studies) 1959
Ph.D. (Assyriology) 1963
2010-Present Julian Morgenstern Emeritus Professor of Bible and Near Eastern Literature
1989-2010 Julian Morgenstern Professor of Bible and Near Eastern Literature
1970-2010 Professor of Semitic Languages
1963-1969 Instructor, Asst. Professor, Assoc. Professor of Semitic Languages
1976-7 Leo Baeck College (London)
1964-69 University of Dayton
1966 Antioch College
1966-67 HUC-JIR / Harvard Semitic Museum Excavations at Tell Gezer, Israel (Area Supervisor)
ADMINISTRATIVE POSITIONS AT HUC-JIR:
2006-2010 Director, School of Graduate Studies, HUC-JIR, Cincinnati
1990-96 Vice President for Academic Affairs, HUC-JIR
1987-96 Dean of Faculty, HUC-JIR ,Cincinnati..
1985-90 Director, School of Graduate Studies, HUC-JIR
1985-87 Dean of the Cincinnati Campus
1979-84 Dean of Rabbinic School, HUC-JIR ,Cincinnati..
RESEARCH AWARDS/ HONORS:
2011 Hon. D.H.L. Hebrew Union College - Jewish Institute of Religion
1990 Who's Who in America
1976-77 America Association of Theological Schools Fellowship
1970-71 America Council of Learned Societies Fellowship
1969 American Philosophical Society (research grant)
1959 Phi Beta Kappa
1978-Present Hebrew Union College Annual
1995-2009 Zeitschrift für Altorientalische und Biblische Rechtsgeschichte
COMMUNITY and OTHER BOARDS:
1987-2003 Steering Committee, Biblical Law Section, Society of Biblical Literature
1986-96 Board of Trustees, Greater Cincinnati Consortium of Colleges and Universities.
1988-93 Executive Committee, Midwest Jewish Studies Association
1984-85 Chair, Academic Officers of the Greater Cincinnati Consortium of Colleges and Universities
1980-82 Visiting Committee, The School for Creative and Performing Arts
1970-75 Board Member, Cincinnati Community Hebrew Schools
American Oriental Society, Association of Jewish Studies, American Schools of Oriental Research, Society of Biblical Literature, World Congress of Jewish Studies
ARTICLES IN BOOKS / JOURNALS:
- Laws in the Bible and in Early Rabbinic Collections: The Legal Legacy of the Ancient Near East. Cascade Books, Wipf and Stock, Eugene, Oregon, 2011 (forthcoming).
- Old Babylonian Tablets from Ishchali and Vicinity, Nederlands Historisch-Archaeologisch Instituut te Istanbul vol. XLIV. Leiden, 1979.
- Studies in Ishchali Documents, Bibliotheca Mesopotamica vol. 19. Malibu: Undena Publications, 1986.
- "Covenant in Ancient Israel: An Historical View (tentative title)." History of Ancient Israel, Bill T. Arnold and Richard S. Hess, ed., Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Academic Press (in preparation).
- "Foreword to Studies in the Book of the Covenant in Light of Cuneiform and Biblical law, by Shalom M. Paul. Dover Studies in Bible, Language, and History. (Eugene, Oregon: Wipf and Stock, 2006)
- "Biblical and Mesopotamian Law: An Amorite Connection?" Daily Life in the Ancient Near East , R. Averbeck and D.W. Weisberg , ed., CDL Press, Baltimore, 2003) 63-81
- "Redefining 'Inchoate Marriage' in Old Babylonian Contexts" in Studies in the Ancient Near East in Memory of Thorkild Jacobsen, (ed. T. Abusch: Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2002) 121-137.
- "New Evidence on the Old Babylonian Calendar and Real Estate Documents from Sippar," Journal of the American Oriental Society 121 (2001): 257-267.
- "The Selling of Slaves: Laws Missing from the Hebrew Bible" Zeitschrift für Altorientalische und Biblische Rechtsgeschichte 3 (1997) 1-11.
- "Legal and Social Institutions of Ancient Mesopotamia," in Civilizations of the Ancient Near East, vol. 1 (ed. Jack Sasson, et al, Scribners, New York,1995) 469-484.
- "Some Issues Relating to the Comparability of Laws and the Coherence of the Legal Tradition," Theory and Method in Biblical and Cuneiform Law, Bernard M. Levinson (ed..), Journal for the Study of the Old Testament Supplement Series 181, Sheffield Academic Press, Sheffield, England (1994) 60-87.
- "Law, Biblical and Ancient Near East," Anchor Bible Dictionary, 4:242-252, (1992)
- "Filling Gaps: Laws Found in Babylonia and in the Mishna but Absent in the Hebrew Bible," MAARAV 7 (Gevirtz Memorial Volume) 1991), 149-171.
- "Training Jewish Studies Teachers," Shofar 9 (1991) 119-20
- "Bridewealth in Sumerian Sources," Hebrew Union College Annual 61 (1990) 24-88.
- "Israelite Criminal Law," The Encyclopedia of Religion, M. Eliade (ed.), MacMillan, New York (1987) Vol. 7, 475-478.
- "The Akkadian Calendar at Sippar," Journal of the American Oriental Society 107 (1987) 109-229.
- "Law in the Old Testament," Interpreters Dictionary of the Bible Supplementary Volume (1976) 533-537.
- "Sisterhood Adoption at Nuzi and the 'Wife-Sister' in Genesis," Hebrew Union College Annual 46 (1975) 5-31.
- "Old Babylonian Tablets from Ishchali," Actes des XXIXe Congres International des Orientalistes. Section organisee par Daniel Arnaud, Paris (1975) 8-12.
- "A Textbook Case of Adultery in Ancient Mesopotamia," Hebrew Union College Annual XL-XLI (1969-70) 33-44.
- "The Old Babylonian Marriage Contract," Journal of the American Oriental Society 89 (1969) 525-532.
- "Old Babylonian Marriage Ceremonies and Rites," Journal of Cuneiform Studies 20 (1966) 55-72.
- "The Advantages of Being an Ancient People," Jews in a Free Society: Challenge and Opportunities, Edward A. Goldman (ed..), Hebrew Union College Press, Cincinnati (1965) 18-29.
- Robert Whiting, Jr., Old Babylonian Letters from Tell Asmar for Journal of the American Oriental Society 111.1 (1991) 145-147.
- F. R. Kraus, Königliche Verfügungen in Altbabylonischer Zeit for Journal of the American Oriental Society 108.1 (1988).
- M. A. Morrison and D. I. Owen (eds..), Studies on the Civilization and Culture of Nuzi and the Hurrians. In Honor of E. R. Lacheman for Journal of the American Oriental Society 104.2, 1984, 364-366.
- Maria DeJ. Ellis, Agriculture and the State in Ancient Mesopotamia: An Introduction to Problems of Land Tenure for Journal of Cuneiform Studies 34/1-2, 1982, 99-103.
- C.B.F. Walker, Cuneiform Texts from Babylonian Tablets in the British Museum, part 52. Old Babylonia Letters, London British Museum Publications Ltd. (1976), and F. R. Kraus, Altbabylonische Briefe im Umscrift und übersetzung Heft VII, Leiden, E. J. Brill (1972) for Journal of the American Oriental Society 101, 1981, 257-260.
- Moshe Elat, Economic Relations in the Lands of the Bible, Palestine Exploration Society/Bialik Institute, Jerusalem, 1977 for Orientalia 50, 1981, 213-215.
- A. Malamat, Sources for Early Biblical History: The Second Millennium B.C. for Orientalia, Vol. 50, Fasc. 1, 1981, 111-112.
MAJOR LECTURES AND ADDRESSES:
- Review of David P. Wright, Inventing God's Law: How the Covenant Code of the Bible Used and Revised the Laws of Hammurabi (Oxford 2009), Society of Biblical Literature, San Francisco, CA November 21, 2011 (forthcoming).
- "The Selling of Slaves in Near Eastern Law Codes and Contemporary Contracts: Continuity of Tradition Across Boundaries of Genre, Time, and Place." American Society for Legal Historians, Baltimore, MD November 17, 2006.
- "Biblical and Mesopotamian Law: An Amorite Connection?" Midwest Branch -- Society of Biblical Literature, American Oriental Society, American Schools of Oriental Research, Cincinnati Ohio February 14, 1999.
- "New Data on the Old Babylonian Calendar of Sippar" American Oriental Society, New Orleans April 6, 1998.
- "The Selling of Slaves: Laws Missing from the Hebrew Bible?" Society of Biblical Literature , New Orleans Nov. 25, 1996.
- "Biblical and Mesopotamian Law: The Benefits of Comparative Study" World Cong. of Jewish Studies, Jerusalem June 2, 1993.
- "Bridewealth and Dowry in Early Mesopotamia" American Oriental Society, Atlanta March 28, 1990.
- "Filling Gaps: Laws Found in Babylonia and in the Mishna but Absent in the Hebrew Bible" Society of Biblical Literature, New Orleans Nov. 19, 1990.
- "Marriage Gifts in Sumerian Sources" World Cong. of Jewish Studies, Jerusalem August 5, 1990.
- "The Akkadian Calendar at Sippar in the Old Babylonian Period" XXXe Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale, Leiden July 7, 1983.
- "Month Names and Calendar at Ishchali" American Oriental Society and Society of Biblical Literature, Midwest Branch, Chicago, Feb. 27, 1979.
- "Towards a Typology of Documents Produced by Bureaucratic Archives in the Old Babylonian Period" American Oriental Society and Society of Biblical Literature, Midwest Branch, Bloomington, February 28, 1978.
- "The Organization of Personnel in the Military Rolls from Khafaje" American Oriental Society, Toronto, April 12, 1978
- "Marriage Gifts in Sumerian Sources" World Congress of Jewish Studies, Jerusalem, August 9, 1977.
- "Sisterhood Adoption / Marriage at Nuzi and in the Bible" American Oriental Society , Santa Barbara, March 27, 1974.
- "Old Babylonian Tablets from Ishchali" XXIXe Congress International des Orientalistes, Paris, July 17, 1973.
- "Remarks on Some Unpublished Military Rolls from Khafaje" American Oriental Society and Society of Biblical Literature, Midwest Branch, Chicago, Nov. 9, 1973.
- "A Report on Old Babylonian Texts from Ishchali" American Oriental Society, Chapel Hill, April 20, 1972.
- "Remarks on a Sumerian Text Allegedly Dealing with Homosexuality" American Oriental Society, Philadelphia, April 19, 1966.
- "The Understanding of riksatum in §128 of the Code of Hammurabi" American Oriental Society , New York, April 7, 1964.
- "The Veiling of Women in Mesopotamia" American Oriental Society, Washington, March 26, 1963.
- "Mohar and Divorce Money in the Elephantine Papyri" American Oriental Society and Society of Biblical Literature, Midwest Branch, Chicago, April 14, 1962.
- "'Taking a Spouse' in the Sumerian Betrothal Agreements" American Oriental Society, Cambridge, April 5, 1962.
- "Marriage And Divorce Formulas: An Illustration of Androcentricity in Semitic Societies" American Oriental Society and Society of Biblical Literature, Midwest Branch, Madison, April 21, 1961.
PAPERS READ TO THE LITERARY CLUB OF CINCINNATI:
- "Higher Jewish Learning: A Personal Definition" Commencement Address, HUC-JIR, Cincinnati, June 6, 2010
- "Stay the Course" 121st Founders Day Address, HUC-JIR, Cincinnati, March 25, 1998
- "Ancient Near Eastern Roots of Biblical and Rabbinic Law" Dept. of Bible and Ancient Near Eastern Studies, Ben Gurion University, December 26, 1995.
- "Recovering the Laws of Ancient Israel: Pentateuchal and Non-Pentateuchal Sources" CCAR Annual Convention, Cincinnati, June 23, 1993.
- "Antiquity of the Oral Laws: Bible, Ancient Near East, and Mishnah" CCAR Annual Convention, Cincinnati, June 23, 1993.
- "We Jews and Our Neighbors: The Hebrew Bible and the Religions of the Ancient Near East" UAHC Commission on Religious Living, Chicago Assoc. of Reform Rabbis, UAHC Great Lakes Region, Chicago, March 21, 1993.
- "All in the Family: A Look at Contemporary Problems Through the Lens of the Bible and Near Eastern Literature" CCAR Regional Kallah, Oconomowoc, December 5-7, 1989.
- "Reform Worship and Practice: Looking to Our Future" Greater Cincinnati Joint Reform Worship Service Held at Plum St. Temple, March 22, 1985.
- "Akkadian Calendars of the Old Babylonian Period" Dept. of Near Eastern Languages and Literatures, Yale University, New Haven, February 28, 1985.
- "Biblical Law and Society" CCAR Annual Convention, Cincinnati, June 1975.
- "Sumerian and Babylonian Marriage Rites" The Dept. and Center of Near Eastern Studies, University of California, Berkeley May 29, 1974.
- "A Time for Beginning" 94th Founders Day Address, HUC-JIR Cincinnati., March 22, 1969
TEACHING AT HUC-JIR:
- "Behind Every Man..." March 7, 2005
- "There Were Giants" March 10, 2008
- "Love the Sinner" November 30, 2009
- "Molly's Diploma" October 3, 2011 (forthcoming)
Subject Areas: Bible, Medieval Rabbinic Commentaries, Biblical Theology, Ancient Near Eastern History; Hebrew, Aramaic, Akkadian, Sumerian - Languages and Literatures; on occasion, Liturgy, Mishnah, Talmud, Codes.
Since 1963, has been 1rst or 2nd advisor for 53 Ph.D. and 3 D.H.L. dissertations written by graduates of the School of Graduate Studies, HUC-JIR, Cincinnati.